General Knowledgesubject notes

Facts About Akbar The Great King | History of Mughal Emperor

Akbar

Akbar or (Abu’ I Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar)

In this post, we are discussing related to The Great ruler of Mughal Dynasty Son of Humayun Abu’ I Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad or Akbar. He was the most powerful and strongest king of his era.

Akbar was one the most Powerful and strongest king of the Mughal Dynasty. His reign started from  15 October 1556 -27 October 1605. Akbar full name is Abu’ I faith Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar but he was commonly known as Akbar or Akbar The great. He took the throne and Title Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar Under Badshah Ghazi at the age of “fourteen” after his father “Humayun” and his tutor Bairam Khan was appointed as swayer. On 5 November 1556 second battle of Panipat was fought between Hemu (hemu was the Hindu general of Muhammad Adil Shah) and Bairam Khan. Hemu was defeated by swayer of Akbar.

Akbar ended up reigns of Bairma khan 1560 and at that time he was 18 years old. He tried to concur Mewar the place of  Rajputs kingdom and try to spread Mughal policy or emperor. In 1562He married Harakha bai, daughter of Bharmal/Biharimal (Rajput ruler of Amer -Jaipur)Most of the Rajput ruler was convinced with Akbar secular policy except Rana Pratap Singh and his son Amar Singh(Rajput of Mewar- Chitor).

Haldighati war

In 1576 second battle was fought between Rana Pratap (Rajput of Mewar) and Mughal army. He was defeated by the Mughal army but he never quit and continue the struggle till his death. This battle is known as “Battle of Haldi ghatti

In 1581 Akbar publicly declared a new religion named as Din-i-illahi, The new religion comprised of many valuable things of other religion like Hinduism, Jainism, Islam, and Christianity. Birbal is the only Hindu who followed this religion. Din-i-illahi did not become popular. Mughal gave an official language “Persian

IMPORTANT DATE RELATED TO BADSHAH AKBAR

1562First Time visited in Ajmer
1563Abolition of Pilgrimage Tax
1564Jaziya was Removed
1571Fatehpur Sikri was formed
1574Manasabadri system was introduced
1575Ibadatkhana was built
1580Dahsala bandobast introduced
1584Illahi Samvat (calendar)
1587Illahi Gaz (yard)

Fort built by Akbar

  • Fatehpur Sikri
  • Agra Fort
  • Lahore Fort
  • Allahabad Fort
  • Humayun’s Tomb

Akbar has Navaratna i.e. nine Jewels of Akbar:

1.Birbal – Administrator

2.Abul Fazl – Scholar and statesman

3.Faizi –Scholar and statesman

4.Todarmal – Finance Minister

5.Bhagwandas – Mansabdar, Son of Bharmal

6.Man Singh – Mansabdar, grandson of Bharmal

Comment here